The use of contraception is generally considered permissible in Islam, as long as it does not cause harm and is agreed upon by both husband and wife. This is indicated in the following hadith: 

حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ، عَنْ عَطَاءٍ، عَنْ جَابِرٍ، قَالَ كُنَّا نَعْزِلُ عَلَى عَهْدِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم‏.‏ 

Narrated Jabir: We used to practice coitus interrupt us during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ).

Sahih al-Bukhari 5207
Chapter 97: The coitus interruptus, Book 67: Wedlock, Marriage (Nikaah) 

Fiqh scholars from different Islamic schools of thought also have varying interpretations. Many support the use of contraception, provided it serves a legitimate purpose, such as protecting the health of the mother or spacing pregnancies to ensure better care for the children.

When it comes to contraception, there are many options available to help you plan your family and manage your reproductive health. Each method has its own advantages and potential side-effects, making it essential to choose one that best fits your needs and lifestyle. 

There are several broad categories of contraception: 

  • Barrier methods: These include condoms (male and female) and diaphragms. They work by physically preventing sperm from reaching the egg.
    • Condoms: Male condoms are worn on the penis while female condoms are inserted into the vagina. They also provide protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The key to their effectiveness is proper usage every time.
    • Diaphragms: A diaphragm is a dome-shaped cup inserted into the vagina to cover the cervix, often used with spermicide. It must be inserted before intercourse and left in place for several hours afterward to ensure effectiveness.
  • Hormonal methods: These include birth control pills, patches, injections, and rings, which work by altering the hormonal balance in your body to prevent ovulation.
    • Birth control pills: Taken daily, they are highly effective but can cause side effects such as mood swings, nausea, weight gain, and an increased risk of blood clots.
    • Patches: These are applied to the skin and changed weekly. Similar to pills, they provide a steady release of hormones but can also cause skin irritation at the application site.
    • Injections: Given every three months, this method is convenient for those who may forget daily pills. Possible side effects include weight gain, mood changes, and a delay in returning to fertility after stopping the injections.
    • Rings: Vaginal rings are inserted monthly and work similarly to patches and pills. Users must feel comfortable with the insertion and removal process.
  • Intrauterine devices (IUDs): Small devices inserted into the uterus, IUDs prevent sperm from fertilizing the egg and can last several years.
    • Hormonal IUDs: These release small amounts of progestin, which thickens cervical mucus and can reduce menstrual bleeding and cramps.
    • Non-hormonal IUDs: Often made of copper, these create a hostile environment for sperm, making fertilization unlikely. They do not alter hormonal balance but may increase menstrual cramping and bleeding.
  • Natural methods: These involve tracking fertility signals, such as body temperature and cervical mucus, to avoid intercourse during fertile periods.
    • Natural methods require diligent monitoring and a strong understanding of one’s cycle, making them less effective than other methods if not followed precisely. However, they are a good option for those avoiding hormonal or barrier methods due to personal, religious, or health reasons.
    • Another natural method to consider is coitus interruptus, also known as withdrawal. This method involves the husband withdrawing before ejaculation to prevent sperm from entering the vagina. While it requires a high level of self-control and timing, it is a viable option for couples preferring to avoid other forms of contraception.
  •   Permanent methods: These include sterilization procedures like tubal ligation for women and vasectomy for men. Permanent methods such as sterilization are considered irreversible and they are haram (forbidden) unless there is a medically necessary reason. Selecting a contraceptive method that aligns with your health and wellbeing is crucial. If you have concerns or questions, always consult a knowledgeable healthcare provider for personalized advice.